When we throw lights on literature, nature plays a prominent role. Remember that, great poet; novelist had registered many precious works to the world, regarding nature. The article aims to know the difference between the Tamil and English poet, how portrayed nature in their works.
While having a glance at English literature, the renowned poet, John Keats, begins his famous poem: Endymion with the line. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
A thing of beauty touches the human heart as nothing else does. It elevates the human soul man feels some inexpressible inner joy. The experience is unforgettable. Here, the poet makes a link between the beauty and the human heart. The poet generally talks about the beauty, so it may be flowers, birds, plants, blue sky, running rivers etc.
Further, Tamil literature can also be manifesting the roll of nature in their writings. In line with feelings, ideas environment society, nature may be, attain different position in their writings. Here point out that the idea’s of poets is different, even the natural things are same,
A well-known Tamil poet. M. Metha (மு.மேத்தா) stretched on the status of flower in his output KaNNIr pUkkaL (கண்ணீர் பூக்கள்).
பொன் விரல்கள் தீண்டலையே!
பொன் விரல்கள் தீண்டலையே! – நான்
He differently thought the condition of flower araLippU (அரளிப்பூ). Generally speaking, there was a super seditious beliefs behind the flower. Lomen usually not to keep this flower on their hair. Here the sickly not give importance to this, like Jasmine, Rose, etc. However, M.Metha assured himself as a flower and to notify the state of annoying flower. Broadly, Metha a attains a specific feature in the poetry world. He raised a voice for the state of araLi and injeets a soul to it through his beautiful lines.
Another famous English poet called William words worth. He mainly affairs a name and fame nature poet in English literary world. Here word worth also written the poem the daffodils, regarding flower. Throughout the poem, there is no such metaphor, simile. The poet purely dealt with natural things, clouds, vales, hills, lake trees, breeze, stars, milk way, waves. How! He stretched, out his poem The Daffodils with natural things.
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude
And then my heart with pleasure fills
And dances with the daffodils
From this, the poet explores that his heart was filled with pleasure and it seemed to dance with the daffodils. Thus he experienced that joy of solitude. The sight of daffodils was thus a source of great delight to the poet and even in his hours of solitude, it gave him immense pleasure. The poet belived in the powers of nature to give consolation to man.
Here, observed that, Nature teaches man as the lesson of peace, innocence, purity, love, harmony and simplicity. Wordsworth believes that nature is the greatest store0 house of wisdom, apart from being a source of external happiness. It symbolizes as
One impulse from the vernal wood
May teach you more of man,
Of moral evil and of good
Than all the stages can
Another towering personality (ஆளுமை) play a key role in Tamil literature. He also came out of the feelings of budding flower. Some of the flowers have a honey by nature. So the flies are attractive towards the flower for talking the honey. By the time, how the flower suffered can be observed by the following line.
கடப்பாரை இரக்கிச் செல்லும்.
From this line, we can noticed the obstacle of flower. What a pity is that? It also has feelings, emotion and compassion, passion sympathy like human beings.
நிர்ணயிக்கப் படாத வாழ்க்கை
கவிதை எழுதிப் போகவா?
As a result, it has been totally upset for pondering over its life. There is nothing in its hand. All are fate. Thus, everyone has its own fate. No one can change it and interrupt it. It has to console itself for……
Metha M., 2003, Kanner Pookal, thirumagal nilayam, Chennai.
Xacier A.G.(Edit.), 1998, An Anthology of Popular Essays and Poems (for young students), Macmillan Publishers India Limited, Chennai.
Department of English
St. Paul’s College of Arts and Science